1. ALICE BALL (1892 - 1916)
Alice Ball was a Black Chemist who created an oil extract that helped to treat leprosy. She was also the first woman to become a Chemistry professor at the University of Hawaii where she received her master's degree in chemistry. While she doing her research she received several scholarships and grants that helped fund her research around leprosy. Sadly she was exposed to toxic chemicals while researching which lead to her demise.
2. BERTHA PARKER (1907-1978)
Bertha Parker was the first indigeous female Archaeologist and the host of a television program called Iron Eyes Cody that helped explain Native history. She was self taught in the skill of archeology and would do expeditions once done with her daily tasks. While doing expeditions beside her father and/or husband she discovered major artifacts that helped us trace native people as far back as 10,000 years.
3. DR. CHIEN-SHIUNG WU (1912 - 1997)
Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu also known as the first lady of physics was a Chinese American physicist who largely contributed to the history of physics through her work in the Manhattan Project and worked at Columbia University. Her work mainly surrounded nuclear and particle physics and changed the science world. She has also received numerous awards within her field.
4. TU YOUYOU (1930- PRESENT)
Tu Youyou is a nobel prize wining Chinese chemist who helped to discover substances to treat malaria. This life saving substance has saved millions of lives across the world. Her research of artemisinin and dihydroartemisinins was considered one of the biggest breakthroughs in tropical medicine.
5. DR. MARIE MAYNARD DALY (1921 - 2003)
Dr. Marie Maynard Daly was the first Black woman in the US to earn a Ph. D in Chemistry. She worked as a Biochemist conducting studies around microbiology surrounding cells. She studied how cholesterol affected the heart. She was also a teacher at Howard University, a fellow at Columbia University, and has a school named after her in Queens NY (where she is originally from.
6. KALPANA CHAWLA (1962-2003)
Kalpana Chawla was the first Indian American and first Indian American woman Astronaut to go space. She first worked at NASA's Ames Research center in 1988 and then joined space missions STS-107 and STS- 87. In 1997 she worked in NASA Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-107) where she worked as a robotic arm operator. Sadly during their return into the earth's atmosphere the space ship disintegreated killing Kalpana Chawla and the other six crew members in 2003.